Tower Road Academy
IDENTIFYING BULLYING IN SCHOOL
ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
PROCEDURES FOR DEALING WITH ALLEDGED BULLYING
This policy was agreed and adopted by the Governors of Tower Road Academy
This policy has been written in accordance with the advice for headteachers and school staff laid out in the document “Behaviour and Discipline in Schools” (DfE Febtuary 2014) and with reference the following legislation:
Education Act 1996/2000/2010/2011
School Standards and Framework Act 1998.
Education and Inspections Act 2006
School Information (England) Regulations 2008
The Education(independent school standards) (England) Regulations 2010
Schools (Specification and Disposal of Articles) Regulations 2012
The Education (Independent School Standards) (England) Regulations 2012
The School Behaviour (determining and Publicising of Measures in Academies) Regulations 2012
At Tower Road Academy, everyone has the right to feel safe, secure and respected within a caring environment regardless of gender, race or social circumstance.
DfES guidance defines bullying as actions that are meant to be hurtful and which happen on a regular basis. Bullying can be direct or indirect. Tower Road Academy is committed to working with staff, pupils and parents and carers to create and maintain a school community where bullying is not tolerated. The school works hard to ensure that all pupils know the difference between bullying and “falling out”.
The school anti-bullying policy has been developed with due regard for our duties and obligations under existing legislation and public sector duties for the safeguarding and wellbeing of all our pupils and we will take all steps to ensure their safety.
Bullying is defined as: A repeated physical, psychological or verbal attack against an individual (or a group of individuals) by a person (or group of persons), which causes physical or psychological harm to the victim. It is, by definition, conscious and wilful and commonly consists of repeated acts of aggression and or manipulation. Any bullying, whether physical or non-physical may result in lasting psychological damage to the individual.
Bullying can take a number of forms, both physical and non-physical, either in combination or in isolation:
Physical - These are unprovoked assaults where the person being bullied is hit, kicked, pinched, tripped or shoved. Belongings can be taken or damaged.
Verbal Bullying - consists of name-calling or insulting, racist or sexist remarks and the use of derogatory language. This can include homophobic bullying.
Indirect - When malicious rumours or stories are spread or the person is excluded, ostracised or rejected from the social or peer group.
Psychological - Reduction of a person’s self-esteem or confidence through threatening behaviour, taunting or teasing about race, gender, sexual orientation, disability, family circumstances, appearance, or any other feature of their lives that can be exploited to cause hurt.
Cyber bullying – relates to the above forms of bullying where email, mobile phones, chat rooms or the internet in general is used as the means of communicating the hurting.
IDENTIFYING BULLYING IN SCHOOL
By its nature, bullying tends to take place out of sight and earshot of school staff. However, there are possible signs of bullying that school staff should be aware of and to which they should respond with enquiry.
Some key signs may include:
• A reluctance to come to school /erratic attendance
• A marked deterioration in a pupil's performance
• A reluctance to go out to play
• A reluctance to leave school at the normal time, walk home with other pupils
• Unlikely excuses for possessions damaged or destroyed or missing
• Persistent complaints of feeling unwell and unable to go to school
• Pupils who present as isolated in the playground, classroom, during PE etc
• Pupils who display withdrawn, unforthcoming behaviour
ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
The Governing Body is responsible for:
Monitoring, reviewing and evaluating the success of the policy and ensure that necessary revisions are undertaken.
To monitor the working of the school.
To uphold and maintain the ethos of the school.
To ensure there is a consistency of approach across the whole staff
As a school we will:
Have a zero tolerance towards bullying and harassment
Highlight and encourage pro social behaviour
Be constantly alert to bullying
Ensure that there is adequate provision for children at break times
Monitor and record incidents of bullying in the ‘Bullying Log’
Ensure that the policy is made available to all members of the school community
Ensure that there are adequate lines of communication, ensuring all children know how to report bullying.
Communicate with parents of the children concerned, informing them of what has happened.
The Teachers, Teaching assistants and mid-day staff are responsible for:
The primary role of all staff members is to act as role models for students and to ensure that they are fully aware of the aims of this policy. They must also ensure that they send out a clear message that bullying will not be tolerated at Tower Road Academy.
Teachers should endeavour to create an ethos and climate of consideration, tolerance and respect within their classrooms and the school environment by positively reinforcing and celebrating behaviour conducive to these features. They should also create lines of communication and trust in which children are comfortable and secure in relating incidents of bullying without fear of dismissal or reprisal.
Teachers should aim to prevent bullying by using areas of the curriculum to reinforce the schools “respect my space” rule. Children should be encouraged to work together and to value each other’s contributions. Collaborative work, mixed gender and ability groups and partnership working are ideal opportunities to reinforce an ethos of support that can be used in all curriculum and non-curriculum activities. Children will be helped to understand the needs of others, build empathy and to value difference and diversity within our community. Through the curriculum children will have a better understanding of bullying including different types, such as homophobic and cyber bullying.
Teaching assistants and support staff should be vigilant and report any suspected incidents of bullying to the class teacher as early as possible. They should also act as role models and as mentors to whom victims of bullying can turn for support and advice.
The Head Teacher and Deputy Head teachers are responsible for:
Where necessary, the Head teacher or a member of the leadership team, will take time to discuss the issues with the victim of bullying and suggest strategies on how best to deal with the situation. Strategies to support a victim of bullying will be implemented by staff. These may include a buddy from an older class, TA support at lunchtime or the opportunity to talk regularly to a member of staff. Parents will be informed. Staff will take time to discuss the issues with the bully and if appropriate carry out relevant sanctions (See Behaviour policy). It will be made clear to all the children that bullying will not be tolerated. If the incident is not too serious a problem solving approach may help.
The Head Teacher will liaise with the Governing Body and inform them of any bullying incidents. This will be done through Head Teacher reports to Governors’.
Each child must be given an opportunity to talk and the discussion should remain focussed on finding a solution to the problem and stopping the bullying reoccurring; where possible the pupils will be reconciled. The Head teacher, the leadership team and other appropriate members of staff will monitor the situation closely afterwards. Time is spent talking to the child or children who have done the bullying, explaining to them why their action was wrong and how they should change their behaviour in the future. When appropriate we will invite the children’s parents to school to discuss the situation. The school will try hard to support the offender through mentoring and by setting up home school link systems, working with parental support. In extreme situations the SENCO or head teacher may contact external services, for example the Behaviour Support Team or Educational Psychologist.
PROCEDURES FOR DEALING WITH ALLEGED BULLYING
Procedure for a child:
When children feel that behaviour towards them is either unpleasant or unacceptable they should firmly ask the individual to stop what they are doing, and remind them of the school’s “Respect my space” rule. This rule is the focus of visual resources placed around the school premises both inside and outside in the form of small, white signs, with a hand inside a circle, struck through with a black line.
In addition, a ‘Bus Stop’ point indicated by a sign post is provided in the playground for children to go if they are feeling sad, lonely or worried. The Playground Buddies and duty -staff will provide any support needed by the child.
The child should then tell the class teacher, mid-day supervisor or adult in charge so that they can continue with the procedures as set out in this document.
We will ensure that children have the opportunity to talk in confidence to any member of staff at any time. This member of staff will then take action on behalf of the child according to the procedures in this document.
Procedure for parents and carers:
Parents must take time to listen to their children and to discuss school with them. They must act as role models to their children in the way in which they deal with others and their own attitudes towards issues such as gender, race, sexuality and physical difference.
Where a parent suspects that a child is being bullied they should:
1. Talk to the child and establish that the behaviour is persistent and not a one-off incident or a “falling-out”
2. End any secrecy and get the facts in the open
3. Ensure that the child understands not to retaliate
4. Make the child feel secure
5. Tactfully help your child to try and deal with the problem himself/herself
6. Contact the class teacher and arrange a meeting to discuss the issue (Teacher begins school procedure)
7. Ensure that you have read a copy of the school anti-bullying policy. This is available both on the school website and via the school office
8. Continue to liaise with the class teacher until a solution is achieved
Procedure for staff:
Bullying may be reported by a child, a carer, member of staff or a parent. In some cases a child may admit to a member of staff that they have bullied another child.
All reported incidents of bullying will be investigated and taken seriously by staff members. Where appropriate the wishes of the child will be taken into account before any further action is taken.
Wherever an incident of bullying is reported, staff will:
1. Listen to the child
2. Make notes if necessary or ask the child to write down what happened or is continuing to happen
3. Interview the alleged perpetrator/s
4. Talk to anyone who witnessed the behaviour
5. Made a decision as to further procedures as set out in this policy
6. Fill out incident report using standard form (appendix 1) see ‘Behaviour Log’.
7. Where necessary, take form to Head Teacher or Deputy Head who will act in accordance with the roles and responsibilities as outlined above. Bullying incidents will be filed in the ‘Behaviour Log’.
8. Monitor relationships until situation resolved
An individual wishing to make a complaint regarding the school’s actions in dealing with incidents of bullying should discuss this with Mrs French, Headteacher, in the first instance. If the issue is not resolved, then a formal complaint may be made, following the complaints procedure as set out in the Tower Road Academy Complaints Policy.